Saelens Lab


Dr. Saelens’ Selected Publications (2010–2015)

  1. Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Carlson, J.A., Norman, G.J., Saelens, B.E., Durant, N., and Ainsworth, B.E. (2010). Evaluating a brief self-report measure of neighborhood environments for physical activity research and surveillance: Physical activity neighborhood environment scale (PANES). Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7, 533-540. PMID: 20683096.
  2. Kaczynski AT, Johnson AJ, Saelens BE. Neighborhood land use diversity and physical activity in adjacent parks. Health and Place; 16:413-415. PMID: 19959391.
  3. Rosenberg D, Sallis JF, Kerr J, Maher J, Norman GJ, Durant N, Harris SK, Saelens BE. Brief scales to assess physical activity and sedentary equipment in the home. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity; 2010; 7:10. PMID: 20181057.
  4. Wilfley DE, Van Buren DJ, Theim KR, Stein RI, Saelens BE, Ezzet F, Russian AC, Perri MG, Epstein LH. The use of biosimulation in the design of a novel multilevel weight loss maintenance program for overweight children. Obesity; 2010; 18:S91-S98. PMID: 20107468.
  5. Goldschmidt AB, Sinton MM, Passi Aspen V, Tibbs TL, Stein RI, Saelens BE, Frankel F, Epstein LH, Wilfley, D.E. Psychosocial and familial impairment among overweight youth with social problems. Int J of Pediatr Obes; in press. PMID: 20233153.
  6. Saelens, B.E., Grow, H.M., Stark, L.J., Seeley, R.J., Roehrig, H. (2010). Efficacy of increasing physical activity to reduce children’s visceral fat: A pilot randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 6, 102-112. PMID: 20528109.
  7. Grow, H.M., Cook, A.J., Arterburn, D.E., Saelens, B.E., Drewnowski, A., & Lozano, P. (2010). Child obesity associated with social disadvantage of children’s neighborhoods. Social Science & Medicine, 71, 71, 584-591. PMID: 20541306.
  8. Rovniak, L.S., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Marshall, S.J., Norman, G.J., Conway, T.L., Cain, K.L., & Hovell, M.F. (2010). Adults’ physical activity patterns across life domains: Cluster analysis with replication. Health Psychology, 29, 496-505. PMID: 20836604.
  9. Buman, M.P., Hekler, E.B., Haskell, W.L., Pruitt, L., Conway, T.L., Cain, K., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., & King, A.C. (2010). Objective light intensity physical activity associations with rated health in older adults. American Journal of Epidemiology, 172, 1155-1165. PMID: 20836604.
  10. Frank LD, Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Leary L, Cain K, Conway TL, Hess PM. The development of a walkability index: application to the Neighborhood Quality of Life Study. Brit J Sports Med; in press. PMID: 19406732.
  11. Copeland, K.A.*, Sherman, S.N., Khoury, J.C., Foster, K.E., Saelens, B.E., & Kalkwarf, H.J. (2011). Wide variability in physical activity environments and weather-related outdoor play policies in child-care centers. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 165, 435-442. PMID: 21199969.
  12. Lachapelle, U., Frank, L.D., Saelens, B.E., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L. (2011). Commuting by public transit and physical activity: where you live, where you work, and how you get there. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 8(Suppl 1), S72-S82. PMID:21350265.
  13. Cerin, E., Frank, L.D., Sallis, J.F., Saelens, B.E., Conway, T.L., Chapman, J.E., Glanz, K. (2011). From neighborhood design and food options to residents’ weight status. Appetite, 56, 693-703. PMID:21335040.
  14. Crespo, N.C., Sallis, J.F., Conway, T.L., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D. (2011). Worksite physical activity policies and environments and employee activity levels. American Journal of Health Promotion, 25, 264-271. PMID: 21361812.
  15. Ramirez, E., Norman, G.J., Rosenberg, D.E., Kerr, J., Saelens, B.E., Durant, N., & Sallis, J.F. (2011). Adolescent screen time and rules to limit screen time in the home. Journal of Adolescent Health, 48, 379-385. PMID: 21402267.
  16. Adams, M.A., Sallis, J.F., Kerr, J., Conway, T., Saelens, B.E., Frank, L.D., Norman, G.J., & Cain, K. (2011). Neighborhood environment profiles related to physical activity and weight status: A latent profile analysis. Preventive Medicine, 52, 326-331. PMID: 21382400.
  17. Perry CK, Saelens BE, Thompson B. Rural Latino youth park use: Characteristics, park amenities, and physical activity. J Commun Health; 2011; 36: 389-397. PMID:20924779.
  18. Goldschmidt AB, Stein RI, Saelens BE, Theim KR, Epstein LH, Wilfley DE. Importance of early weight change in a pediatric weight management trial. Pediatrics; 2011; 128:e33-e39. PMID:21690118.
  19. Ding D, Sallis JF, Norman GJ, Saelens BE, Harris SK, Kerr J, Rosenberg D, Durant N, Glanz K. Community food environment, home food environment and fruit and vegetable intake of children and adolescents. J Nutr Educ Behav; 2011; Epub ahead of press April 28, 2011. PMID: 21531177.
  20. Copeland KA, Kendeigh CA, Saelens BE, Kalkwarf HJ, Sherman SN. Physical activity in child care centers: Do teachers hold the key to the playground? Health Educ Res; 2011; Epub ahead of press July 29, 2011. PMID: 21804083.
  21. Kerr J, Carlson JA, Sallis JF, Rosenberg D, Leak CR, Saelens BE, Chapman JE, Frank LD, King AC. Assessing health-related resources in senior living residences. J Aging Studies; 2011; 25:206-214.
  22. Sallis JF, Slymen DJ, Conway TL, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Cain K, Chapman JE. Income disparities in perceived neighborhood built and social environment attributes. Health Place; 2011; 17:1274-1283. PMID:21885324.
  23. King AC, Sallis JF, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Cain K, Conway TL, Chapman JE, Ahn DK, Kerr J. Aging in neighborhoods differing in walkability and income: Associations with physical activity and obesity in older adults. Soc Sci Med; 2011; 73:1525-1533. PMID: 21975025.
  24. Tandon PS, Zhou C, Chan N, Lozano P, Couch SC, Glanz K, Krieger J, Saelens BE. The impact of menu labeling on fast food purchases for children and parents – Results of a natural experiment. Am J Prev Med; 2011; 41: 434-438. PMID:21961472.
  25. Jilcott SB, Moore JB, Wall-Bassett E, Liu H, Saelens BE. Association between travel times and distances, perceived stress, food procurement practices, and body mass index among female Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants in eastern North Carolina. J Nutr Educ Behav; 2011; 43:385-389. PMID: 21906550.
  26. Millstein RA, Strobel J, Kerr J, Sallis JF, Norman GJ, Durant N, Harris S, Saelens B. Home, school, and neighborhood environmental factors and youth physical activity. Pediatr Exerc Sci; 2011; 23:487-503. PMID:22109776.
  27. Perry CK, Saelens BE, Thompson B. Intrapersonal, behavioral, and environmental factors associated with meeting recommended physical activity among rural Latino youth. Pediatr Exerc Sci; 2011; 23:521-536. PMID:22109778.
  28. Theim K R, Sinton MM, Stein RI, Saelens BE, Thekkedam SC, Welch RR, Epstein LH, Wilfley DE. Preadolescents’ and parents’ dietary coping efficacy during behavioral family-based weight control treatment. J Youth Adolesc; 2012; 41:86-97. PMID:22081241.
  29. Otten JJ, Hekler EB, Krukowski RA, Buman MP, Saelens BE, Gardner CD, King AC. Food marketing to children through toys: Response of fast food restaurants to the first U.S. toy ordinance. Am J Prev Med; 2012; 42:56-60. PMID:22176847.
  30. Copeland KA, Sherman S, Kendeigh C, Kalkwarf H, Saelens BE. Societal values and policies may curtail preschool children’s physical activity in child-care centers. Pediatrics; 2012 Feb;129(2):265-74. PMID:22218842.
  31. Ding D, Bracy N, Sallis J F, Saelens B, Norman GJ, Harris SK, Durant N, Rosenberg D, Kerr J. Is fear of strangers related to physical activity among youth? Am J Health Promot; 2012; 26:189-195. PMID:22208419.
  32. Sinton MM, Goldschmidt AB, Aspen V, Theim KR, Stein RI, Saelens BE, Epstein LH, Wilfley DE. Psychosocial correlates of shape and weight concerns in overweight pre-adolescents. J Youth Adolesc; 2012; 41:67-75. PMID: 21695562.
  33. Sallis JF, Floyd MF, Rodriguez D, Saelens BE. The role of built environments in physical activity, obesity, and CVD. Circulation; 2012; 125:729-737. PMID: 22311885.
  34. Hekler EB, Buman MP, Haskell WL, Conway TL, Cain KL, Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Kerr J, King AC. Validity of CHAMPS sedentary to vigorous physical activity in older adults. J Physical Activity Health; 2012; 9:225-236. PMID: 22368222.
  35. Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Frank LD, Cain KL, Conway TL, Chapman JE, Slymen DJ, Kerr J. Neighborhood environment and psychosocial correlates of adults' physical activity. Med Sci Sports Exerc; 2012; 44:637-646. PMID: 21946156.
  36. Carlson JA, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Kerr J, Cain K, King AC. Interactions between psychosocial and built environment factors in explaining older adults’ physical activity. Prev Med; 2012; 54:68-73. PMID: 22027402.
  37. Van Dyck D, Cerin E, Conway TL, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Owen N, Kerr J, Cardon G, Frank LD, Saelens, BE, Sallis JF. Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with adults’ overall sitting and sitting during motorized transport: Findings from the USA, Australia and Belgium. Soc Sci Med; 2012; 74:1375-1384. PMID: 22691723.
  38. Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Frank LD, Glanz K, Couch SC, Zhou C, Colburn T, Cain K, Chapman J. Obesogenic neighborhood environments related to child and parent obesity: The Neighborhood Impact on Kids (NIK) Study. Am J Prev Med; 2012; 42:e57-e64. PMID: 22516504.
  39. Frank LD, Saelens BE, Chapman J, Sallis JF, Glanz K, Couch SC, Learnihan V, Colburn T, Cain K. Objective assessment of obesogenic environments in youth: GIS methods and spatial findings from the Neighborhood Impact on Kids (NIK) Study. Am J Prev Med; 2012; 42:e47-e55. PMID: 22516503.
  40. Kerr J, Frank L, Sallis JF, Saelens B, Glanz K. Predictors of trips to food destinations. Int J Behav Nutr Physical Activity; 2012; 9:58. PMID: 22607218.
  41. Bruemmer B, Krieger J, Saelens BE, Chan N, Solet D. An audit of calories, saturated fat and sodium in entrees at quick service and sit-down chains after restaurant menu labeling regulation in King County, Washington. J Acad Nutr Dietetics; 2012; 112:1169-76. PMID: 22704898.
  42. Kirk S, Brehm B, Saelens B, Woo JG, Kissel E, D’Alessio D, Bolling C, Daniels S. Role of carbohydrate modification in weight management among obese children: A randomized clinical trial. J Peds; 2012; 161, 320-327. PMID: 22381024.
  43. Van Dyck D, Cerin E, Conway TL, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Owen N, Kerr J, Cardon G, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Sallis JF. Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with adults' transport-related walking and cycling: Findings from the USA, Australia and Belgium. Int J Behav Nutr Physical Activity; 2012; 9:70. PMID: 22691723.
  44. Tandon PS, Zhou C, Sallis JF, Cain KL, Frank LD, Saelens BE. Home environment relationships with physical activity, sedentary time, and screen time by socioeconomic status. Int J Behav Nutr Physical Activity; 2012; 9:88. PMID: 22835155.
  45. Kerr J, Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Cain K, Conway TL, Frank LD, King AC. Outdoor physical activity and self rated health in older adults living in two regions of the U.S. Int J Behav Nutr Physical Activity; 2012; 9, 89. PMID: 22846594.
  46. Candelaria JI, Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Conway TL, Slymen DJ, Cain KL, Chapman JE. Differences in physical activity among adults in households with and without children. J Physical Activity Health; 2012; 9:985-995. PMID: 22971890.
  47. Epstein LH, Raja S, Oluyomi T, Paluch RA, Wilfley DE, Saelens BE, Roemmich JN. The built environment moderates effects of effects of family-based childhood obesity treatment over two years. Annals Behav Med; 44:248-58. PMID: 22777879.
  48. Adams MA, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Kerr J, Cain KL, King AC. Neighborhood environment profiles for physical activity among older adults. Am J Health Behav; 2012; 36:757-769. PMID: 23026035.
  49. Saelens BE, Chan NL, Krieger J, Nelson Y, Boles M, Colburn TA, Glanz K, Ta ML, Bruemmer B. Nutrition labeling regulation impacts on restaurant environments. Am J Prev Med; 2012; 43:505-511. PMID: 23079173.
  50. Kozo J, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Kerr J, Cain K, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Owen N. Sedentary behaviors of adults in relation to neighborhood walkability and income. Health Psychol; in press. PMID: 22545974.
  51. Ding D, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Cain KL, Slymen DJ. Interactive effects of built environment and psychosocial attributes on physical activity: A test of ecological models. Annals Behav Med; 2012; 44:365-374. PMID: 22899301.
  52. Van Dyck D. Cerin E, Conway TL, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Owen N, Kerr J, Cardon G, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Sallis JF. Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with adults’ leisure-time physical activity: Findings from Belgium, Australia, and the USA. Health Place; 2013; 19: 59-68. PMID: 23178650.
  53. Theim, KR, Sinton MM, Goldschmidt AB, Van Buren DJ, Celio Doyle A, Saelens BE, Stein RI, Epstein, LH, Wilfley DE. Adherence to behavioral targets and treatment attendance during a pediatric weight control trial. Obesity; 2013; 21:394-397. PMID: 22513489.
  54. Kerr J, Sallis JF, Owen N, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Cerin E, Frank L, Reis R, Sarmiento O, Fromel K, Mitáš J, Troelsen J, MacFarlane D, Salvo D, Schofield G, Badland H, Guillen-Grima F, Sundquist K, Davey R, Bauman A, Saelens B, Riddoch C, Ainsworth B, Pratt M, Schmidt T, Adams M, Conway T, Cain K, Van Dyke D, Bracy N. Advancing science and policy through a coordinated International Study of Physical Activity and Built Environments: IPEN Methods. J Physical Activity Health; 2013; 10:581-601. PMID: 22975776.
  55. Grow HMG, Hsu C, Liu LL, Briner L, Jessen-Fiddick T, Lozano P, Saelens BE. Understanding family motivations and barriers to participation in community-based programs for overweight youth: one program model does not fit all. J Public Health Management Pract; 2013; 19:E1-E10. PMID: 23328502.
  56. Best JR, Theim KR, Gredysa DM, Stein RI, Welch RR, Saelens BE, Perri MG, Schechtman KB, Epstein LH. Behavioral economic predictors of overweight children’s weight loss. J Consult Clin Psychol; 2012; 80:1086-1096. PMID: 22924332.
  57. Marinescu LG, Sharify D, Krieger J, Saelens BE, Calleja J, Aden A. Be Active Together: Supporting physical activity in public housing communities through women-only programs. Prog Community Health Partnersh; 2013; 7:57-66. PMID: 23543022.
  58. Vernez Moudon A, Drewnowski A, Duncan GE, Hurvitz PM, Saelens BE, Scharnhorst E. Characterizing the food environment: Pitfalls and future directions. Pub Health Nutr; 2013; 16:1238-1243. PMID: 23570695.
  59. Sathyanarayana S, Alcedo G, Saelens BE, Zhou C, Dills RL, Yu J, Lanphear B. Unexpected results in a randomized dietary trial to reduce phthalate and bisphenol A exposures. J Exposure Sci Environ Epidem; 2013; 23: 378-384. PMID: 23443238.
  60. Boles RE, Scharf C, Filigno SS, Saelens BE, Stark LJ. Differences in home food and activity environments between obese and healthy weight preschool children. J Nutr Educ Behav; 2013; 45:222-231. PMID: 23380192.
  61. Tandon PS, Saelens BE, Zhou C, Kerr J, Christakis DA. Indoor versus outdoor time in preschoolers at child care. Am J Prev Med; 2013; 44:85-88. PMID: 23253655
  62. Kang B, Moudon AV, Hurvitz PM, Reichley L, Saelens BE. Walking objectively measured: Classifying accelerometer data with GPS & travel diaries. Med Sci Sports Exerc; 2013; 45:1419-1428. PMID: 23439414.
  63. Krieger J, Chan N, Saelens B, Ta M, Solet D, Fleming D. Impact of a menu labeling regulation on caloric content of foods and beverages purchased at chain restaurants. Am J Prev Med; 2013; 44:595-604. PMID: 23683977.
  64. Tappe KA, Glanz K, Sallis JF, Zhou C, Saelens BE. Children's physical activity and parents' perception of the neighborhood environment: Neighborhood Impact on Kids study. Int J Behav Nutr Physical Activity; 2013; 10:39. DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-39; PMID: 23531282.
  65. Kneeshaw-Price SH, Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Glanz K, Frank LD, Kerr J, Hannon PA, Grembowski DE, Chan KCG, Cain KL. Children’s objective physical activity by location: why the neighborhood matters. Pediatr Exerc Sci; 2013; 25:468-486. PMID: 23877357.
  66. Millstein RA, Cain KL, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Geremia C, Frank LD, Chapman J, Van Dyck D, Amberg, L, Kerr J, Glanz K., Saelens BE. Development, scoring, and reliability of the Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS). BMC Public Health; 2013; 13:403. PMID: 23621947.
  67. Sallis JF, Conway TL, Dillon LI, Frank LD, Adams MA, Cain KL, Saelens BE. Environmental and demographic correlates of bicycling. Prev Med; 2013; 57:456-460. PMID: 23791865.
  68. Saelens BE, Lozano P, Scholz K. A randomized clinical trial comparing delivery of behavioral pediatric obesity treatment using standard and enhanced motivational approaches. J Pediatr Psychol; 2013; 38:954-964. PMID: 23902797.
  69. Carlson JA, Sallis JF, Norman GJ, McKenzie TL, Kerr J, Arredondo EM, Madanat H, Mignano AM, Cain KL, Elder JP, Saelens BE. Elementary school practices and children's objectively measured physical activity during school. Prev Med; 2013; 57:591-595. PMID: 23948107.
  70. Carlson JA, Mignano AM, Norman GJ, McKenzie TL, Kerr J, Arredondo EM, Madanat H, Cain KL, Elder JP, Saelens BE, Sallis JF. Socioeconomic disparities in elementary school practices and children's physical activity during school. Am J Health Promot; 2014; 28:S47-S53. PMID: 24380465.
  71. Tandon PS, Saelens BE, Zhou C, Kerr J, Christakis DA. Light sensors and GPS to differentiate indoor vs. outdoor physical activity in preschoolers at child care. Amer J Prev Med; 2013; 44:85-88.
  72. Hurvitz PM, Vernez Moudon A, Kang B, Saelens BE, Duncan GE. Emerging technologies for assessing physical activity behaviors in space and time. Frontiers Public Health Educ Promot; 2014; open access doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2014.000002. PMID: 24479113.
  73. Grow HM, Hencz P, Verbovski MJ, Gregerson L, Liu LL, Dossett L, Larison C, Saelens BE. Partnering for success and sustainability in community-based child obesity intervention: Seeking to help families ACT! Fam Commun Health; 2014; 37:45-59. PMID: 24297007.
  74. Bracy NL, Millstein RA, Carlson JA, Conway TL, Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Kerr J, Cain KL, Frank LD, King AC. Is the relationship between the built environment and physical activity moderated by perceptions of crime and safety? Int J Behav Nutr Physical Activity; 2014; 11:24; open access doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-11-24. PMID: 24564971.
  75. Ding D, Sallis JF, Norman GJ, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Kerr J, Conway TL, Cain K, Hovell MF, Hofstetter CR, King AC. Neighborhood environment and physical activity among older adults: Do the relationships differ by driving status? J Aging Physical Activity; 2014; 22:421-431.PMID: 24084049.
  76. Holland JC, Kolko RP, Stein RI, Welch RR, Perri MG, Schechtman KB, Saelens BE, Epstein LH, Wilfley DE. Modifications in parent feeding practices and child diet during family-based behavioral treatment improve child zBMI. Obesity; in press; Epub ahead of print January 23, 2014. PMID: 24458836.
  77. Saelens BE, Vernez Moudon A, Kang B, Hurvitz PM, Zhou C. Relation between higher physical activity and public transit use. Amer J Public Health; in press; Epub ahead of print March 13, 2014. PMID: 24625142.
  78. Carlson JA, Bracy NL, Sallis JF, Millstein RA, Kerr J, Saelens BE, Conway TL, Frank LD, Cain KL, King A. Sociodemographic moderators of relations of neighborhood safety to physical activity. Med Sci Sports Exerc; 2014; 46:1554-1563. PMID: 25029166.
  79. Cain KL, Millstein RA, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Gavand KA, Frank LD, Saelens BE, Geremia CM, Chapman J, Adams MA, Glanz K, King AC. Contribution of streetscape audits to explanation of physical activity in four age groups based on the Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS). Soc Sci Med; 2014; 116:82-92. PMID: 24983701.
  80. Dentro KN, Beals K, Crouter SE, Eisenmann JC, McKenzie TL, Pate RR, Saelens BE, Sisson SB, Spruijt-Metz D, Sothern MS, Katzmarzyk PT. Results from the United States’ 2014 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth. J Physical Activity Health; 2014; 11:S105-S112. PMID: 25426905.
  81. Carlson JA, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Frank LD, Kerr J, Cain K, Saelens BE. Built environment characteristics and parent active transportation are associated with active travel to school in youth age 12-15. Br J Sport Med; 2014; 48:1634-1639. PMID: 24659503.
  82. Goldschmidt AB, Best JR, Stein RI, Saelens BE, Epstein LH, Wilfley DE. Predictors of child weight loss and maintenance among family-based treatment completers. J Consult Clinical Psychol; 2014; 82:1140-1150. PMID: 24932567.
  83. Tandon PS, Grow HM, Couch S, Glanz K, Sallis JF, Frank L, Saelens BE. Physical and social home environment in relation to children's overall and home-based physical activity and sedentary time. Prev Med; 2014 Sep;66:39-44. PMID:24887496.
  84. Otten JJ, Saelens BE, Kapphahn KI, Hekler EB, Buman MP, Goldstein BA, Krukowski RA, O’Donohue LS, Gardner CD, King AC. Impact of San Francisco’s toy ordinance on restaurants and children’s food purchases. Prev Chronic Dis; 2014 Jul 17;11:E122. PMID: 25032837.
  85. Henne HM, Tandon PS, Frank LD, Saelens BE. Parental factors in children's active transport to school. Public Health; 2014 Jul;128(7):643-6. PMID: 24999161.
  86. Couch SC, Glanz K, Zhou C, Sallis JF, Saelens BE. Home food environment in relation to children’s diet quality and weight status. J Acad Nutr Dietetics; 2014 Oct;114(10):1569-1579. PMID: 25066057.
  87. Chen R, Smyser M, Chan N, Ta M, Solet D, Saelens BE, Krieger J. Changes in awareness and use of calorie information following mandatory menu-labeling in restaurants in King County, Washington. Am J Public Health2015 Mar;105(3):546-53. Epub 2015 Jan 20. PMID: 25602868.
  88. Hurvitz PM, Vernez Moudon A, Kang B, Fesinmeyer MD, Saelens BE. How far from home? The locations of physical activity in an urban U.S. setting. Prev Med. 2014 Oct 5;69C:181-186. PMID: 25285750.
  89. Carlson JA, Saelens BE, Kerr J, Schipperijn J, Conway TL, Frank LD, Chapman JE, Glanz K, Cain K, Sallis JF. Associations between neighborhood walkability and GPS-measured walking, bicycling and vehicle time in adolescents. Health Place. 2015 Jan 9;32C:1-7. PMID: 25588788.