Safety and Injury Prevention
Many toys are made with safety in mind, but no toy is totally safe. Toys that break or are misused can become dangerous. These tips will help you choose and maintain safe toys. Share them with your child’s caregivers and grandparents so that their homes, and the gifts they give, are safer for your child, too.
Choose the Right Toys
Toys are age-graded for safety. Age-grades are guidelines that reflect the toy’s safety based on:
- Any choking or safety risks
- The physical skills a child needs to play with the toy
- How well a child can understand how to use the toy
- The interests, needs and abilities at different stages of a child’s development
With this in mind:
- Choose toys that match your child’s age and skills.
- Pick toys made of natural materials, like cotton, wool and uncoated wood.
- Avoid old wooden toys with chipped paint. The paint may contain lead.
- Check that toys made of fabric can be washed.
- Choose toys labeled phthalate-free, PVC-free and BPA-free, avoiding plastic toys with recycling codes #3, #6 and #7.
- Choose paints, crayons, markers and other art materials that say “non-toxic.”
- Buy the safety gear that goes with the item, such as a helmet with a bike.
Watch for Toy Dangers
- Sharp edges and sharp points. Toys for older children may have sharp points or edges that can hurt a small child. Avoid toys made from thin plastic that can break easily. Also avoid giving toys with metal parts to toddlers and babies.
- Small toys and toys with small parts. To prevent choking in kids 3 or younger, make sure that toys and parts cannot fit inside an empty toilet paper tube or a choke tube. Soft baby toys should be large enough that they can’t be swallowed even when they are squished down. Check stuffed animals for eyes, noses and parts that can come off. Put small toys and toys with small parts out of reach when young ones are around.
- Loud noises. Toys that make shrill or loud noise, such as toy cap guns, can damage your child’s hearing. Read warning labels for how to use them safely. Try toys in the store to check how loud they are.
- Cords and strings. Toys with cords or strings longer than 7 inches can be harmful for babies and very young children. They can get wrapped around a child’s neck. Never hang toys with strings, cords or ribbons in cribs or playpens. Remove crib gyms when your child can pull up on their hands and knees.
- Toys that fly or shoot objects. These can badly injure the eyes. Avoid toys that can fire things not made for use in the toy, such as pencils or nails. Arrows used by children should have soft tips made out of cork or rubber. Have your child wear safety glasses if you allow them to use toys that shoot objects.
- Electric toys. Buy only toys that say “UL Approved” (Underwriters Laboratories). Toys that heat up are all right for children older than 8 years when used with an adult. Avoid fixing or making electric toys yourself. Make sure battery-operated toys have a cover that closes with screws to keep the batteries secure inside the toy.
- Toys with magnets. If magnets come off and your child swallows two or more of them, they can stick together inside your child’s body. This can cause injury or death. Young children should not play with toys with magnets. If older children play with toys with magnets, warn them not to put any magnets in their mouth.
Remember that the best way to protect your children is to watch them while they play.
Keeping Toys Safe
- Store toys in a safe place. Put all toys away and off the floor when they’re not being used. If you have a toy chest, it should have air holes and be easy to open from the inside. Check that the lid has a support that will hold the lid open in any position. You may want a lid that comes off completely. Better yet, use baskets or boxes without lids to store toys.
- Check toys often for damage. Watch for splinters or sharp edges on wooden toys. Sand them when needed. If you repaint toys, use new paint; old paint may contain lead. Check outdoor toys for rust. If a toy cannot be fixed, throw it away. Check toys with magnets to make sure no magnets are loose or missing.
- Throw away plastic wrap and other packaging right away.
- Read toy instructions and explain them to your child. Keep the instructions.
Visit the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission for information on recalled toys, to sign up for e-mail notices about recalled toys, or to report an unsafe toy.
There are a lot of toy choices out there, and it can be hard to know what a child might like and what will be safe. The age-specific toys and play information below can help you know which activities and toys most children in each age group usually enjoy.
- Toys and Play: Birth to 12 Months or Toys and Play: Birth to 12 Months (PDF)
- Toys and Play: 1- and 2-Year-Olds or Toys and Play: 1- and 2-Year-Olds (PDF)
- Toys and Play: 3-to-5-Year-Olds or Toys and Play: 3-to-5-Year-Olds (PDF)
- Toys and Play: 6-to-8-Year-Olds or Toys and Play: 6-to-8-Year-Olds (PDF)
- Toys and Play: 9-to-12-Year-Olds or Toys and Play: 9-to-12-Year-Olds (PDF)