Partnership Opportunities

Biomarkers for Improving Transplant Success

Using flow cytometry as an immunophenotyping technique to predict transplant immunoreactivity and tolerance

Technology Overview

Yuk LawDr. Yuk LawFor children who need a heart transplant, finding an appropriate donor and undergoing the transplant procedure is only the beginning of a long clinical journey. Pediatric cardiologists have made great advances in increasing survival immediately after transplant. However, work remains to extend those improvements through young adulthood and beyond. Before launching clinical trials of new drugs or innovative cell-based therapies aimed at extending the lifespan of pediatric heart transplant patients, researchers need to identify appropriate populations of patients to study.

Dr. Yuk Law is exploring immunophenotyping T helper (Th) cells as a biomarker of future transplant tolerance or rejection. One function and identifying feature of Th1 and Th2 cells is their role in releasing cytokines that regulate the immune responses. Dr. Law's interest in this area stems from the observation that many pediatric heart transplant patients have allergies, which are associated with Th2 dominance. In these patients, a higher eosinophil count, as a clinical surrogate of an atopic phenotype and hence possible Th2 dominance, may be associated with less graft rejection. Dr. Law hypothesizes that the specific immunophenotypic profile of a transplant patient over time—for example Th1 vs. Th2 dominance—may predict likelihood of graft rejection and cardiac allograft vasculopathy (coronary artery disease).

Dr. Law's research group is collaborating on studies to utilize flow cytometry to perform advanced immunophenotyping in solid organ transplant recipients. For example, he and his colleagues are investigating the most informative cell-surface and intracellular markers and most effective staining techniques for categorizing Th cells.

Dr. Law is interested in partnerships to study immunophenotyping as a reliable biomarker for transplant tolerance or rejection. He is also interested in collaborating with researchers who are studying new therapies including cell-engineering-based strategies for inducing graft tolerance. Dr. Law's work on diverse transplant-associated biomarkers is applicable to identifying and defining populations of patients for clinical trials on novel treatment strategies.

Stage of Development

  • Pre-clinical in vivo

Partnering Opportunities

  • Collaborative research and development opportunity
  • Sponsored research agreement
  • Tissue sample access
  • Consultation agreement


  1. Wong M, Boucek R, Kemna M, Rutledge J, and Law YMImmune cell function assay in pediatric heart transplant recipientsPediatr Transplant. 2014; 18: 485-90.
  2. Arbon KS, Albers E, Kemna M, Law S, Law YEosinophil count, allergies, and rejection in pediatric heart transplant recipientsJ Heart Lung Transplant. 2015; 34:1103-11.  
  3. Vaughn GR, Jorgensen NW, Law YM, et al. Outcome of antibody-mediated rejection compared to acute cellular rejection after pediatric heart transplantationPediatr Transplant. 2017. doi: 10.1111/petr.13092. Epub ahead of print 

Learn More

To learn more about partnering with Seattle Children’s Research Institute on this or other projects, email the Office of Science-Industry Partnerships