Heart and Blood Conditions

Aplastic Anemia Treatment

Common treatments for aplastic anemia are blood transfusions, antibiotics, immunosuppression medicines, growth factors and hematopoietic cell transplants.

Aplastic Anemia Treatment Options

Blood transfusions

Transfusions of red blood cells and platelets can help reverse anemia and bleeding problems. Transfusing blood is the process of giving whole blood or only red blood cells from a donor to a patient using an intravenous (IV) line.


Antibiotics can help fight infections that the white blood cells cannot defeat.

Immunosupression medicines

Medicines that suppress the immune system may help the bone marrow make blood cells again.

Growth factors

Substances called growth factors can boost the number of blood cells that the marrow makes. Doctors give these as a shot under the skin.

Hematopoietic cell transplant, or stem cell transplant

A hematopoietic cell transplant (also called a bone marrow transplant or stem cell transplant) may cure aplastic anemia in some people. This treatment for aplastic anemia works best in children and young adults with a sibling who is a match and can donate bone marrow for the transplant.

We work closely with our transplant colleagues at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center to provide care for children who need a bone marrow or stem cell transplant. The transplants take place at the Seattle Children's Hospital main location.

Learn more about pediatric bone marrow and stem cell transplants that are offered through the Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Program.

Limited activity

Your child's doctor may also advise you to limit some of what your child does. For example, your child may need to limit contact with other people, even healthy people, to keep from catching an infection.

The doctor may also want your child to avoid activities with a high risk of injury, such as sports, because this may trigger bleeding that's hard to stop. The doctor can give you details about whether you need to limit what your child does.

To learn more about blood disorders, you may want to visit these resources.