Congenital hand disorders can vary widely, so there’s no single treatment approach. Each child’s treatment must be tailored to them.
The main goal of treatment is to give your child the best possible use of their hand. Your child’s team will also pay attention to how your child’s hand looks and whether they can give it a more typical appearance.
Congenital Hand Disorders Treatment Options
For most children, treatment for congenital hand disorders involves one or more of the following:
- Surgery to remove extra digits, divide joined digits or reconstruct missing parts of the hand
- Occupational therapy to help with stiffness or scarring and improve a child’s skills, such as writing and feeding themselves
- Physical therapy to build strength and improve movement and function
- Splinting and casting to hold the hand in one position, often while it heals after surgery
- Adaptive devices to help your child do what they want and need to do with their hands
- Prosthetics to replace missing parts
Your child’s team can explain all your child’s treatment options, which options the team recommends and why.
Some hand differences need treatment in the early months or years after birth, and then they don’t need any other treatment later. Other differences may need more treatment as your child grows. Ask your child’s team about the short-term plan, the long-term plan and what to expect.