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Informational Alert
Immunologic Disorders

IL-10 Receptor Defects

  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive
  • Genes: IL-10RA and IL-10RB
  • Proteins: IL-10RA and IL-10RB
  • Tests: IL-10 Receptor Gene Sequencing (IL10RA/IL10RB), IL-10 Receptor Function Screen by Flow  

Key Clinical and Laboratory Features

  • Common clinical features: Severe, early-onset, fistulating inflammatory colitis that is often resistant to therapy. Follicular dermatitis/folliculitis.
  • Other clinical features: Lymphoma (typically B cell), gingivitis
  • Physical exam: Severe inflammatory colitis observed by endoscopy. Proctitis is common.
  • Common laboratory features: Elevated inflammatory markers, leukocytosis

Testing Approach

GENE IL-10 Receptor Gene Sequencing (IL10RA/IL10RB) The gold standard for confirming a diagnosis of IL-10 receptor deficiency in patients with an abnormal IL-10 Receptor Function Screen.
PROTEIN N/A There are currently no available clinical tests to evaluate IL-10RA or IL-10RB protein expression on patient cells.
FUNCTION IL-10 Receptor Function Screen by Flow   This functional test evaluates the ability of IL-10 to induce tyrosine phosphorylation of STAT3 in patient cells. If the IL-10 receptors are absent or non-functional, no STAT3 phosphorylation is observed. This test is estimated to be at least 90% sensitive to detect patients with defects in one or the other of the IL-10 receptor chains. This test will not identify patients who have IL-10 deficiency.
OTHER   Complete blood count with differential: Leukocytosis can be present.

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