Neels Groenewald, MB ChB

Neels Groenewald, MB ChB

Anesthesiology, Pain Medicine

On staff since September 2012

Academic Title: Assistant Professor

  • Dr. Cornelius (Neels) Groenewald is an associate professor at the University of Washington School of Medicine and an attending pediatric anesthesiologist at Seattle Children’s Hospital. He received his medical degree from the University of Stellenbosch, South Africa, in 2002. He completed his anesthesiology residency at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, and his pediatric anesthesiology fellowship at Seattle Children’s Hospital. Dr. Groenewald conducts public health research that crosses various settings (e.g., large public and private datasets; longitudinal cohort studies) and populations (e.g., critical illness, surgery). He serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Pain.

     

  • Award Name Award Description Awarded By Award Date
    Early Career Research Grant Award International Association for the Study of Pain 2017
    Young Investigator Travel Award American Pain Society, Palm Springs, CA 2014 - 2015
    Best Abstracts in Clinical Science Selected 3rd overall from 92 posters Annual Academic Evening, University of Washington Department of Anesthesiology
  • Manuscripts in Refereed Journals

    • Livingstone, M.E., Groenewald, C.B., Rabbitts, J.A., Palermo, T.M
      Codeine use among children in the United States: a nationally representative study from 1996-2013
      27779367 Paediatric Anaesthesia, 2017 Jan. : 27(1)19-27
    • Groenewald, C.B., Palermo, T.M
      Commentary: Legitimate opioid prescription increases the risk for future opioid misuse in adolescent
      27056838 Evidence based nursing, 2016 July : 19(3)83
    • Palermo, T
      The price of pain: The economics of chronic adolescent pain
      Pain Management, 2015
    • Law, E., Bromberg, M. H., Noel, M., Murphy, L. K., Palermo, T
      Alcohol and tobacco use in youth with and without chronic pain
      Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 2015
    • Wright, D. R., Palermo, T
      Healthcare expenditures associated with pediatric pain-related conditions in the United States
      Pain, 2015
    • Rabbitts, J., Tai, G. G., Palermo, T
      Pre-surgical psychosocial predictors of acute postsurgical pain and quality of life in children undergoing major surgery
      Journal of Pain, 2015 : 16(3)226-234
    • Groenewald, C. B., Essner, B. S., Wright, D., Fesinmeyer, M. D., Palermo, T
      The economic costs of chronic pain among a cohort of treatment seeking adolescents in the United States
      Journal of Pain, 2014 : 15(9)925-933
    • Groenewald, C.B., Latham G.J.
      An unexpected cause of cardiac arrest during laparoscopy in an infant with supravalvar aortic stenosis
      Paediatr Anaesth, 2012 Nov.
    • Rabbitts, J.A., Groenewald, C.B., Mauermann, W.J., Barbara D.W., Burkhart H.M., Warnes C. A., Oliver W., Flick R.P.
      Outcomes of general anesthesia for noncardiac surgery in a series of adults with Fontan palliation
      Paediatr Anaesth, 2012 Sept.
    • Rabbitts, J.A., Groenewald, C.B., Rsnen, J.
      Geographic differences in perioperative opioid administration in children
      Paediatr Anaesth, 2012 July : 22(7)676-81
    • Groenewald, C.B., Rabbitts, J.A., Harrison T.E.
      Prevalence of moderate-severe pain in hospitalized children
      Paediatr Anaesth, 2012 July : 22(7)661-8
    • Zendejas, B., Nasir, B., Groenewald, C.B., Farley, D.R.
      Obturator hernia: The Mayo Clinic experience
      Hernia, 2012 June : 16(3)315-9

    Other Publications

    • Turner SB, Szperka CL, Hershey AD, Law EF, Palermo TM, Groenewald CB
      Association of Headache With School Functioning Among Children and Adolescents in the United States.
      33523093 JAMA pediatrics, 2021 May 1 : 175(5)522-524 PMCID:PMC7851753
    • Andreucci A, Groenewald CB, Rathleff MS, Palermo TM
      The Role of Sleep in the Transition from Acute to Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Youth-A Narrative Review.
      33804741 Children (Basel, Switzerland), 2021 March 20 : 8(3) PMCID:PMC8003935
    • Groenewald CB, Law EF, Rabbitts JA, Palermo TM
      Associations between adolescent sleep deficiency and prescription opioid misuse in adulthood.
      32978633 Sleep, 2021 March 12 : 44(3) PMCID:PMC7953216
    • Rabbitts JA, Groenewald CB
      Epidemiology of Pediatric Surgery in the United States.
      32777147 Paediatric anaesthesia, 2020 Oct. : 30(10)1083-1090 PMCID:PMC7891905
    • Groenewald CB, Tham SW, Palermo TM
      Impaired School Functioning in Children With Chronic Pain: A National Perspective.
      32487871 The Clinical journal of pain, 2020 Sept. : 36(9)693-699 PMCID:PMC7429324
    • Groenewald CB, Murray CB, Palermo TM
      Adverse childhood experiences and chronic pain among children and adolescents in the United States.
      32903388 Pain reports, 2020 Sept. : 5(5)e839 PMCID:PMC7431222
    • Battaglia M, Quinn PD, Groenewald CB
      Consideration of Adolescent Pain in Responses to the Opioid Crisis.
      32936227 JAMA psychiatry, 2020 July 29 : PMCID:PMC7891903
    • Groenewald CB, Patel KV, Rabbitts JA, Palermo TM
      Correlates and motivations of prescription opioid use among adolescents 12 to 17 years of age in the United States.
      31815917 Pain, 2020 April : 161(4)742-748 PMCID:PMC7085424
    • Murray CB, Groenewald CB, de la Vega R, Palermo TM
      Long-term impact of adolescent chronic pain on young adult educational, vocational, and social outcomes.
      31651579 Pain, 2020 Feb. : 161(2)439-445 PMCID:PMC7001863
    • Rabbitts JA, Groenewald CB, Zhou C
      Subacute Pain Trajectories following major musculoskeletal surgery in adolescents: A Pilot Study.
      33415314 Canadian journal of pain = Revue canadienne de la douleur, 2020 : 4(4)3-12 PMCID:PMC7787390
    • Groenewald CB, Zhou C, Palermo TM, Van Cleve WC
      Associations Between Opioid Prescribing Patterns and Overdose Among Privately Insured Adolescents.
      31575622 Pediatrics, 2019 Nov. : 144(5) PMCID:PMC6856776
    • Patak LS, Stroschein KM, Risley R, Collins M, Groenewald CB
      Patterns and predictors of difficult intravenous access among children presenting for procedures requiring anesthesia at a tertiary academic medical center.
      31602736 Paediatric anaesthesia, 2019 Oct. : 29(10)1068-1070 PMCID:PMC7137765
    • Law EF, Palermo TM, Zhou C, Groenewald CB
      Economic Impact of Headache and Psychiatric Comorbidities on Healthcare Expenditures Among Children in the United States: A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study.
      31520418 Headache, 2019 Oct. : 59(9)1504-1515 PMCID:PMC6818708
    • Groenewald CB, Giles M, Palermo TM
      School Absence Associated With Childhood Pain in the United States.
      30844952 The Clinical journal of pain, 2019 June : 35(6)525-531 PMCID:PMC6502652
    • Groenewald CB
      Opioid-prescribing Patterns for Pediatric Patients in the United States.
      30985396 The Clinical journal of pain, 2019 June : 35(6)515-520 PMCID:PMC6782052
    • Groenewald CB, Giles M, Palermo TM
      School Absence Associated With Childhood Pain in the United States.
      30844952 The Clinical journal of pain, 2019 June : 35(6)525-531 PMCID:PMC6502652
    • Groenewald CB, Law EF, Fisher E, Beals-Erickson SE, Palermo TM
      Associations Between Adolescent Chronic Pain and Prescription Opioid Misuse in Adulthood.
      30098405 The journal of pain, 2019 Jan. : 20(1)28-37 PMCID:PMC6309740
    • Groenewald CB, Law EF, Fisher E, Beals-Erickson SE, Palermo TM
      Associations Between Adolescent Chronic Pain and Prescription Opioid Misuse in Adulthood.
      30098405 The journal of pain, 2019 Jan. : 20(1)28-37 PMCID:PMC6309740
    • Groenewald CB, Rabbitts JA, Hansen EE, Palermo TM
      Racial differences in opioid prescribing for children in the United States.
      29794611 Pain, 2018 Oct. : 159(10)2050-2057 PMCID:PMC6150822
    • Groenewald CB
      Combining morphine and ibuprofen does not improve pain control compared with using either drug alone following musculoskeletal injury in children.
      30032108 Evidence-based nursing, 2018 Oct. : 21(4)107
    • Law EF, Groenewald CB, Zhou C, Palermo TM
      Effect on Health Care Costs for Adolescents Receiving Adjunctive Internet-Delivered Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial.
      29578090 The journal of pain, 2018 Aug. : 19(8)910-919 PMCID:PMC6066421
    • de la Vega R, Groenewald C, Bromberg MH, Beals-Erickson SE, Palermo TM
      Chronic pain prevalence and associated factors in adolescents with and without physical disabilities.
      29468673 Developmental medicine and child neurology, 2018 June : 60(6)596-601 PMCID:PMC5943137
    • Groenewald CB
      Morphine is not superior to ibuprofen for managing children's pain following minor orthopedic surgery.
      29514849 Evidence-based nursing, 2018 April : 21(2)48
    • Thompson DR, Zurakowski D, Haberkern CM, Stricker PA, Meier PM, Bannister C, Benzon H, Binstock W, Bosenberg A, Brzenski A, Budac S, Busso V, Capehart S, Chiao F, Cladis F, Collins M, Cusick J, Dabek R, Dalesio N, Falcon R, Fernandez A, Fernandez P, Fiadjoe J, Gangadharan M, Gentry K, Glover C, Goobie S, Gries H, Griffin A, Groenewald CB, Hajduk J, Hall R, Hansen J, Hetmaniuk M, Hsieh V, Huang H, Ingelmo P, Ivanova I, Jain R, Koh J, Kowalczyk-Derderian C, Kugler J, Labovsky K, Martinez JL, Mujallid R, Muldowney B, Nguyen KP, Nguyen T, Olutuye O, Soneru C, Petersen T, Poteet-Schwartz K, Reddy S, Reid R, Ricketts K, Rubens D, Skitt R, Sohn L, Staudt S, Sung W, Syed T, Szmuk P, Taicher B, Tetreault L, Watts R, Wong K, Young V, Zamora L, Pediatric Craniofacial Collaborative Group.
      Endoscopic Versus Open Repair for Craniosynostosis in Infants Using Propensity Score Matching to Compare Outcomes: A Multicenter Study from the Pediatric Craniofacial Collaborative Group.
      28922233 Anesthesia and analgesia, 2018 March : 126(3)968-975
    • Groenewald CB, Beals-Erickson SE, Ralston-Wilson J, Rabbitts JA, Palermo TM
      Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use by Children With Pain in the United States.
      28232257 Academic pediatrics, 2017 Sept. : 17(7)785-793 PMCID:PMC5598558
    • Livingstone MJ, Groenewald CB, Rabbitts JA, Palermo TM
      Codeine use among children in the United States: a nationally representative study from 1996 to 2013.
      27779367 Paediatric anaesthesia, 2017 Jan. : 27(1)19-27 PMCID:PMC5179302
    • Groenewald C, Palermo T
      Legitimate opioid prescription increases the risk for future opioid misuse in some adolescents.
      27056838 Evidence-based nursing, 2016 July : 19(3)83 PMCID:PMC5144998
    • Noel M, Groenewald CB, Beals-Erickson SE, Gebert JT, Palermo TM
      Chronic pain in adolescence and internalizing mental health disorders: a nationally representative study.
      26901806 Pain, 2016 June : 157(6)1333-1338 PMCID:PMC4939835
    • Rabbitts JA, Holley AL, Groenewald CB, Palermo TM
      Association Between Widespread Pain Scores and Functional Impairment and Health-Related Quality of Life in Clinical Samples of Children.
      26924379 The journal of pain, 2016 June : 17(6)678-84 PMCID:PMC4885772
    • Groenewald CB, Rabbitts JA, Gebert JT, Palermo TM
      Trends in opioid prescriptions among children and adolescents in the United States: a nationally representative study from 1996 to 2012.
      26716995 Pain, 2016 May : 157(5)1021-1027 PMCID:PMC4943214
    • Rabbitts JA, Zhou C, Groenewald CB, Durkin L, Palermo TM
      Trajectories of postsurgical pain in children: risk factors and impact of late pain recovery on long-term health outcomes after major surgery.
      26381701 Pain, 2015 Nov. : 156(11)2383-2389 PMCID:PMC4607609
    • Law EF, Bromberg MH, Noel M, Groenewald C, Murphy LK, Palermo TM
      Alcohol and tobacco use in youth with and without chronic pain.
      25617047 Journal of pediatric psychology, 2015 June : 40(5)509-16 PMCID:PMC4635627
    • Groenewald CB, Wright DR, Palermo TM
      Health care expenditures associated with pediatric pain-related conditions in the United States.
      25734992 Pain, 2015 May : 156(5)951-957 PMCID:PMC4607282
    • Rabbitts JA, Groenewald CB, Tai GG, Palermo TM
      Presurgical psychosocial predictors of acute postsurgical pain and quality of life in children undergoing major surgery.
      25540939 The journal of pain, 2015 March : 16(3)226-34 PMCID:PMC5137504
    • Groenewald CB, Palermo TM
      The price of pain: the economics of chronic adolescent pain.
      25806898 Pain management, 2015 : 5(2)61-4 PMCID:PMC4562402
    • Groenewald CB, Essner BS, Wright D, Fesinmeyer MD, Palermo TM
      The economic costs of chronic pain among a cohort of treatment-seeking adolescents in the United States.
      24953887 The journal of pain, 2014 Sept. : 15(9)925-33 PMCID:PMC4150826
    • Groenewald, C. B
      Hot Stuff!
      Perioperative Drug-Drug Interactions/Springer, 2014 : 30
    • Groenewald, C. B
      Anaphylaxis and anaphylactoid reaction
      Faust's Anesthesiology Review, Fourth Edition/Churchill Livingstone, 2014 : 4584-585
    • Curry TB, Somaraju M, Hines CN, Groenewald CB, Miles JM, Joyner MJ, Charkoudian N
      Sympathetic support of energy expenditure and sympathetic nervous system activity after gastric bypass surgery.
      23592656 Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 2013 March : 21(3)480-5 PMCID:PMC3630471
    • Rabbitts JA, Groenewald CB, Mauermann WJ, Barbara DW, Burkhart HM, Warnes CA, Oliver WC Jr, Flick RP
      Outcomes of general anesthesia for noncardiac surgery in a series of patients with Fontan palliation.
      22998356 Paediatric anaesthesia, 2013 Feb. : 23(2)180-7
    • Groenewald CB, Latham GJ
      An unexpected cause of cardiac arrest during laparoscopy in an infant with supravalvar aortic stenosis.
      23137064 Paediatric anaesthesia, 2013 Jan. : 23(1)91-3
    • Rabbitts, J.A., Groenewald, C.B.
      Acute Pain in Children, Post-Operative
      Encyclopedia of Pain, 2nd Edition, 2013
    • Rabbitts JA, Groenewald CB, Räsänen J
      Geographic differences in perioperative opioid administration in children.
      22324378 Paediatric anaesthesia, 2012 July : 22(7)676-81 PMCID:PMC5139618
    • Groenewald CB, Rabbitts JA, Schroeder DR, Harrison TE
      Prevalence of moderate-severe pain in hospitalized children.
      22332912 Paediatric anaesthesia, 2012 July : 22(7)661-8
    • Groenewald, C.B.
      Anaphylaxis and anaphylactoid reaction
      Anesthesiology Review, 4th edition, 2012
    • Rabbitts JA, Groenewald CB, Jacob AK, Low PA, Curry TB
      Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome and general anesthesia: a series of 13 cases.
      21802629 Journal of clinical anesthesia, 2011 Aug. : 23(5)384-92 PMCID:PMC3349351
    • Rabbitts JA, Groenewald CB, Dietz NM, Morales C, Räsänen J
      Perioperative opioid requirements are decreased in hypoxic children living at altitude.
      21199116 Paediatric anaesthesia, 2010 Dec. : 20(12)1078-83
    • Rabbitts JA, Groenewald CB, Moriarty JP, Flick R
      Epidemiology of ambulatory anesthesia for children in the United States: 2006 and 1996.
      20802051 Anesthesia and analgesia, 2010 Oct. : 111(4)1011-5
    • Camp CL, Smoot RL, Kolettis TN, Groenewald CB, Greenlee SM, Farley DR
      Patient records at Mayo Clinic: lessons learned from the first 100 patients in Dr Henry S. Plummer's dossier model.
      19046561 Mayo Clinic proceedings, 2008 Dec. : 83(12)1396-9

  • Presentations Title Event Location Date
    Opioid use among children in the United States University of Washington Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine Grand Rounds Seattle, WA July 2016
    Economics of pediatric pain International Symposium on Pediatric Pain Seattle, WA June 2015
    Healthcare expenditures associated with pediatric pain-related conditions in the USA Oral presentation at the American Pain Society Special Interest Group on Pain in Infants, Children, and Adolescents. American Pain Society Palm Springs, CA 2015
    John Silas Lundy: Seattle anesthesiology pioneer history committee meeting of the King County Medical society and at the University of Washington Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine grand rounds April 10, 2012
    A near miss during laparoscopy in an infant with congenital supravalvar aortic stenosis Society for Pediatric Anesthesia Annual Meeting Tampa, FL 2012
    Applying A3 methodology to reduce waste and avoid dilutional medication errors in the pediatric operating room Society for Pediatric Anesthesia Annual Meeting Tampa, FL 2012
    Opioid prescribing patterns and opioid overdose among adolescents in the USA. Society for Behavioral Medicine Annual Meeting Washington, DC, 2019
    Epidemiological insights into the lifespan consequences of prescription opioid use Collaborative perspectives on addiction 9th annual conference Virtual, 2021
    Adverse childhood Experience (ACEs) and Pediatric Pain: Findings from Clinical, Translational, and Population-based Investigations Society for Pediatric Psychology Virtual, 2021
    Chronic pain hurts the pocketbook, too. Understanding the economic impact of chronic pain for the individual and the government payer. Canadian Pain Society Vancouver, BC, May 2016
    Associations between opioid prescribing patterns and opioid overdose among adolescents in the USA Society for Pediatric Pain Medicine Spring Meeting Houston, TX, 2019
    Taking a little can cost a lot: Adolescents and the opioid epidemic. Society for Pediatric Anesthesia Spring Meeting Nassau, Bahamas, February 2020
    From one-two-many: underused and surprisingly novel methods and analyses in pediatric pain International Symposium on Pediatric Pain Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2017
  • Grant Title Grantor Amount Award Date
    Opioids use and misuse after outpatient surgery SCAN | Design Innovative Pain Research Grants Sept. 2020 - Aug. 2021
    Opioids after Knee Surgery (OAKS) Center for Child Health Behavior and Development, Seattle Children’s Research Institute Nov. 2019 - Nov. 2020
    K23 Career Development Award. Sleep disturbances and long-term outcomes after critical illness in children NIH/ National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute April 2018 - 2023
    Faculty Fellowship Endowment Seattle Children's Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine Nov. 2013 - 2014

Overview

Board Certification(s)

Anesthesiology
Pediatric Anesthesiology

Medical/Professional School

University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch

Residency

Surgery - General, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester
Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester

Fellowship

Anesthesiology, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle