Seattle Children's Hospital provides neurosurgical treatment for many different conditions. In this section you can find information about these conditions and related problems, as well as how we diagnose and treat these conditions. Your care team includes specialists at Seattle Children's who also involve you and your child in developing the best treatment plan.

At Seattle Children's you can feel confident that your child's doctors will:

  • Explain the condition or injuries in a way that you can understand
  • Describe all of your child's treatment options, including the risks and benefits
  • Explain what happens before, during and after each treatment
  • Answer all of your questions

Conditions We Treat

  • Arachnoid cyst
    A fluid-filled sac between the skull and the brain, or on the arachnoid membrane of the spine
  • Brain and spinal abscess
    An infection caused by bacteria, often spread to the brain or spine from another part of the body
  • Brain and spinal cord tumors
    An abnormal growth of cells that the body does not need; non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant)
  • Cavernous malformations
    Clusters of abnormal blood vessels that can form in the brain and spinal cord.
  • Cerebral palsy and spasticity
    A condition that affects movement, causing stiff or uncontrollable muscle tightening or twitching
  • Chiari malformation
    A problem in which the cerebellum and sometimes other parts of the brain crowd the spinal canal
  • Concussion
    A brain injury caused by a bump or blow to the head or body that makes the brain move back and forth
  • Craniosynostosis
    When one or more bones of an infant's skull fuse prematurely
  • Encephalocele
    A rare defect in which an infant's skull does not close properly
  • Epilepsy
    Abnormal electrical and chemical brain activity that results in repeated seizures
  • Hydrocephalus
    An abnormal amount of cerebral spinal fluid in the brain
  • Lipomyelomeningocele
    A fatty mass present at birth that fixes itself to the spinal cord
  • Moyamoya
    A problem with blood flow to the brain
  • Myelomeningocele
    A deformed spine not closed at birth, leaving the spinal cord open to the air
  • Spinal tumors
    An abnormal growth in the bones of the spine (vertebrae) or in the soft tissue around the vertebrae
  • Stroke
    Blood that carries oxygen and nutrients stops flowing to part of the brain
  • Syringomyelia
    A collection of cerebrospinal fluid in the center of the spinal cord
  • Tethered spinal cord
    A condition where the spinal cord is pulled down and stuck or fixed to the spinal canal
  • Vascular diseases of the brain and spinal cord
    Malformations of arteries and veins in the brain and spinal cord