Should Your Child See a Doctor?
Is this your child's symptom?
- A very itchy rash caused by the scabies mite
- A mite is a tiny, invisible bug that burrows under the skin
- A doctor has told you your child has scabies or
- Your child has had close contact with another person who has it
Symptoms of Scabies
- Widespread little, red, bumpy rash that mainly involves the skin folds.
- Intense itching is the main symptom. If it doesn't itch, it's not scabies.
- Appearance. The small red bumps are often in short straight or wavy lines. These are the burrows/tunnels of the mite. The bump or water blister is where the mite entered the skin.
- Location. Classic scabies is found in skin creases such as finger webs. Hands and wrists are the most common sites. Armpits, groin, scrotum, buttocks, navel, waist, and ankles can be involved.
- The face and neck are usually spared. In infants, the rash can involve the face and scalp.
- The rash usually looks the same on both sides of the body.
Cause of Scabies
- Scabies mite
- Scabies comes from skin-to-skin contact with someone who has scabies.
- After contact, a person will come down with scabies rash in 4 to 6 weeks.
- Itching is the first symptom.
- The rash and itching are the body's allergic reaction to mites in the skin.
- Can occur in anyone and does not mean poor hygiene.
- Scabies mites do not carry any disease.
Prevention of Spread to Others
- Scabies is very contagious and prevention is difficult.
- It's best to treat everyone who has had close contact.
Call Doctor Now or Go to ER
- Spreading red area or streak with fever
- Your child looks or acts very sick
Call Doctor Within 24 Hours
- Spreading red area or streak, but no fever
- You think your child needs to be seen
Call Doctor During Office Hours
- Your child had close contact with someone with scabies and not treated
- Yellow soft scab that drains pus or gets bigger, not better with antibiotic ointment
- Severe itching not better after 48 hours of steroid cream and allergy medicine
- Rash goes away with treatment and then returns
- After 4 weeks, itch is still present
- You have other questions or concerns
Self Care at Home
Care Advice for Scabies
- What You Should Know About Scabies:
Treating Close Contacts:
- Scabies are easy to treat. Itching is the problem.
- The itching normally lasts for 2 weeks after the scabies mites are killed.
- Treatment with the anti-scabies cream does not help the itch.
- The itching is an allergic reaction. The body reacts to the dead mites and eggs in the skin. It continues until all the skin containing the dead mites is shed. This usually takes 2 weeks.
- Continuing to have the itch does not mean that the treatment didn't work. It also doesn't mean that it needs to be repeated.
- Here is some care advice that should help.
Anti-Scabies Medicine Prescription:
- Scabies is easily spread to others. The symptoms don't start for an average of 30 days.
- Therefore, everyone living in the house should be treated before they develop a rash.
- Close contacts only need to be treated once with the scabies cream.
Steroid Cream for Itching:
- Scabies is treated with a prescription cream. Currently, the most common product is Elimite.
- If applied correctly, it's almost 100% effective at curing scabies.
- Apply the cream from the chin to the toes. Cover every square inch of the body. Don't forget the navel, between the toes, under the fingernails and all the creases.
- Areas that don't seem infected still need to be covered with the cream.
- Caution: Infants less than 1 year old also need the cream applied to the head. Put it on the scalp, forehead, temples, ears and neck. Avoid putting it around the eyes and mouth.
- Bedtime is usually the best time to apply it.
- Eight to 12 hours later give your child a bath with warm water. This will remove the cream.
- One treatment is usually effective. For severe rashes, repeat the treatment 1 week later.
- Approved for as young as 2 months old.
Allergy Medicine for Itching:
- For relief of itching, apply 1% hydrocortisone cream such as Cortaid. No prescription is needed.
- Do this 3 times per day to the most itchy spots.
Cool Baths for Itching:
- For severe itching, an oral allergy medicine such as Benadryl should help.
- Age Over 1 Year: Give Benadryl 4 times per day. No prescription is needed.
- Age Over 2 Years: Another option is to give cetirizine such as Zyrtec each morning. Use Benadryl at bedtime. No prescription is needed.
Cut Nails for Itching:
- For flare-ups of itching, give your child a cool or lukewarm bath. Bathe for 10 minutes.
- Can add baking soda 2 ounces 60 ml per tub.
- Avoid all soaps. Reason: Soaps make the itching worse.
Cleaning the House:
- Discourage scratching.
- Cut the fingernails short. Reason: Prevents a skin infection from bacteria.
What to Expect:
- Live scabies mites are in clothing your child has worn in the last 3 days.
- Machine wash all your child's sheets, pillowcases, underwear, pajamas, and other recently worn clothing. Use hot water. High dryer temps also kill mites.
- Put items that can't be washed such as blankets into plastic bags. You need to keep them in the bags for 4 days to kill the mites. Scabies cannot live off the human skin for more than 3 days.
Return to School:
- One treatment with a prescription anti-scabies cream usually helps. This usually kills all the scabies mites and eggs. Make sure you leave it on for 8-12 hours.
- The rash will heal up and go away in 2 weeks. There shouldn't be any new rash after treatment.
- The itching may last up to 4 weeks. Reason: It's an allergic reaction to the dead scabies.
Call Your Doctor If:
- Your child can return 24 hours after one treatment with the anti-scabies cream.
- Rash looks infected draining pus, scabs become larger
- Itching becomes worse or lasts over 4 weeks
- You think your child needs to be seen
- Your child becomes worse
And remember, contact your doctor if your child develops any of the 'Call Your Doctor' symptoms.
Disclaimer: This information is not intended be a substitute for professional medical advice. It is provided for educational purposes only. You assume full responsibility for how you choose to use this information.
Copyright 1994-2015 Barton D. Schmitt, MD. All rights reserved.