To treat myocarditis, your doctor will give your child medicines to fight their infection, if possible, and to help their heart work.
Myocarditis Treatment Options
Your child may need one or more of these medicines:
- Antimicrobials can combat infections caused by a selected few viruses, if identified
- Steroids and intravenous immunoglobulins may be used to reduce inflammation.
- Diuretics are given to help the kidneys rid the body of extra water. This reduces the heart’s workload.
- If your child’s heart muscle is very weak, they will need standard medicines used to treat heart failure.
- If your child gets a blood clot in their heart, they will need blood-thinning medicine.
An arrhythmia may be treated with medicines or by inserting a pacemaker or a defibrillator.
You will need to reduce your child’s activity level for a while and give them a low-salt diet. These steps can make the heart’s work easier.
If your child develops cardiomyopathy, they may need other treatment.
New Treatments for Myocarditis
In addition to the therapies described above, at Seattle Children’s we are using the latest tools to help the heart pump most effectively when it is failing. These tools are called cardiac assist devices and are used in only the most severe forms of myocarditis and cardiomyopathy. They can help allow the heart to rest and also serve as a bridge to heart transplantation.