Brain, Nervous System and Mental Conditions

Encephalocele Symptoms and Diagnosis

Symptoms of Encephalocele

Some babies with encephaloceles have other problems with their skulls and brains. These accompanying symptoms and conditions include:

  • Too much cerebrospinal fluid in parts of their brains (hydrocephalus)
  • Very small head (microcephaly)
  • Seizures
  • Problems with their vision
  • Delayed growth and development
  • Learning difficulties
  • Spasticity or other movement disorders

Encephalocele Diagnosis

Usually doctors can see an encephalocele when a baby is born. Sometimes, they may not see a small encephalocele right away. These small encephaloceles are usually located in the area of the baby's nose, forehead and sinuses.

Doctors think the genes a baby inherits might play a role in causing an encephalocele. The condition happens more often in families that have a history of neural tube defects called spina bifida and anencephaly.