There is a genetic component to depression. The condition is more common among kids with a family history of depression.
Stress plays a key role in the start of depression. It can also cause your child’s symptoms to continue. Stress comes in all shapes and sizes and might include:
- School pressures
- Problems with peers
- Family conflict
- Pressures of adolescence (moving from elementary to middle school and middle school to high school, romantic relationships, etc.)
The changes that take place during puberty put children at greater risk of having depression and anxiety. They are likely to react more emotionally due to their stage of brain development and the fact that they don’t yet have effective problem-solving skills.
Some very young children seem to be at risk of depression. For these children, it is likely a combination of a genetic risk, temperament and difficulty getting involved and enjoying activities.