Babies with mild or moderate asphyxia may recover fully. If the cells did not get enough oxygen for a longer time, a baby may have permanent injury. This could affect their brain, heart, lungs, kidneys, bowels or other organs.
Body cooling (therapeutic hypothermia) can improve outcomes for babies born at full term or near term. But babies born 5 or more weeks early cannot have body cooling. In the most severe cases, asphyxia can lead to organ failure and death.