Diabetes mellitus (sometimes called "sugar diabetes")
is a condition that occurs when the body can't use glucose (a
type of sugar) normally. Glucose is the main source of energy for
the body's cells. The levels of glucose in the blood are
controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is made by the
pancreas. Insulin helps glucose enter the cells.
In diabetes, the pancreas does not make enough insulin (
type 1 diabetes
) or the body can't respond normally to the insulin that is
type 2 diabetes
). This causes glucose levels in the blood to rise, leading to
symptoms such as increased urination, extreme thirst, and
unexplained weight loss.
Note: All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice,
diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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