Some kidney diseases can be treated. But when a child reaches or will soon reach kidney failure (also called end-stage renal disease or ESRD), kidney transplant is the treatment of choice.

Learn more about kidney failure.

Kidney Diseases That Can Lead to Kidney Failure

  • Obstructive and reflux nephropathy
    • Posterior urethral valves
    • Vesicoureteral reflux
    • Eagle–Barrett (prune belly) syndrome
     
  • Dysplasia
    • Aplasia
    • Hypoplasia
    • Multicystic dysplasia
     
  • Glomerulonephritis
    • Idiopathic and postinfectious crescentic
    • Membranous
    • Mesangioproliferative
    • IgA nephropathy
    • Anti-glomerular basement membrane
    • Focal glomerulosclerosis
    • Henoch–Schonlein purpura nephritis
    • Hemolytic uremic syndrome
     
  • Hereditary
    • Polycystic kidneys
    • Nephronophthisis (medullary cystic kidney disease)
    • Nephritis (including Alport syndrome)
    • Tuberous sclerosis
    • Congenital nephrotic syndrome
    • Cystinosis
    • Primary hyperoxaluria
     
  • Autoimmune diseases
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus
    • Wegener's granulomatosis
    • Anti-glomerular basement membrane disease
     
  • Tumors
    • Wilms' tumor
    • Renal cell carcinoma
     
  • Other
    • Neonatal cortical necrosis
    • Diabetic nephropathy
    • Chronic pyelonephritis