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Kidney

Kidney Diseases

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Kidney Diseases

Some kidney diseases can be treated. But when a child reaches or will soon reach kidney failure (also called end-stage renal disease or ESRD), kidney transplant is the treatment of choice.

Learn more about kidney failure.

Kidney diseases that can lead to kidney failure

  • Obstructive and reflux nephropathy
    • Posterior urethral valves
    • Vesicoureteral reflux
    • Eagle-Barrett (prune belly) syndrome
  • Dysplasia
    • Aplasia
    • Hypoplasia
    • Multicystic dysplasia
  • Glomerulonephritis
    • Idiopathic and postinfectious crescentic
    • Membranous
    • Mesangioproliferative
    • IgA nephropathy
    • Antiglomerular basement membrane
    • Focal glomerulosclerosis
    • Henoch-Schonlein nephritis
    • Hemolytic uremic syndrome
  • Hereditary
    • Polycystic kidneys
    • Nephronophthisis (medullary cystic disease)
    • Nephritis (including Alport’s syndrome)
    • Tuberous sclerosis
    • Congenital nephrotic syndrome
    • Cystinosis
    • Primary hyperoxaluria
  • Autoimmune diseases
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus
    • Wegener’s granulomatosis
    • Antiglomerular basement membrane disease
  • Tumors
    • Wilms’ tumor
    • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Other
    • Neonatal cortical necrosis
    • Diabetic nephropathy
    • Chronic pyelonephritis

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